# Probability Formula

Probability of an event A is symbolized by P(A). Probability of an event A is lies between 0 ≤ P(A) ≤ 1.

## Probability Formula

Probability is the measure of how likely an event is. And an event is one or more outcomes of an experiment. Probability formula is the ratio of number of favorable outcomes to the total number of possible outcomes.

Probability Formula

Probability of an Event = Number of Favorable Outcomes / Total Number of Possible Outcomes

– If P(A) > P(B) then event A is more likely to occur than event B.

– If P(A) = P(B) then events A and B are equally likely to occur.

## What is the Formula for Probability

**The probability of an event tells that how likely the event will happen.** Situations in which each outcome is equally likely, then we can find the probability using probability formula. Probability is a chance of prediction. If the probability that an event will occur is “x”, then the probability that the event will not occur is “1 – x”. If the probability that one event will occur is “a” and the independent probability that another event will occur is “b”, then the probability that both events will occur is “ab”.

**Probability of an event A **can be written as:

P(A) = Number offavorable outcomes / Total number of possible outcomes

## How to Solve Probability Problems

A probability is determined from an experiment, which is any activity that has an observable outcome like tossing a coin and observing whether it lands heads up or tails up. The possible outcomes of an experiment are called sample space of the experiment.

Steps to find the probability:

**Step 1: **List the outcomes of the experiment.

**Step 2: **Count the number of possible outcomes of the experiment.

**Step 3: **Count the number of favorable outcomes.

**Step 4:** Use the probability formula.

### Solved Examples

**Question 1:**Two dice are rolled once. Calculate the probability that the sum of the numbers on the two dice is 5.

**Solution:**

Total possible outcomes = **36
**

Number of outcomes of the experiment that are favorable to the event that a sum of two events is 6

=> Favorable outcomes are: (1, 5), (2, 4), (3, 3), (4, 2) and (5, 1)

Number of favorable outcomes =** 5**

Use, probability formula = Number of favorable outcomes / Total number of possible outcomes

= 5/36

The probability of a sum of 6 is 5/36

**Question 2:**What is the probability of getting head when tossing a coin.

**Solution:**

Number of possible outcomes = 2

Number of favorable outcomes = 1

(because of only one head)

=> Probability of getting head = Number of favorable outcomes / Total number of possible outcomes

= 1/2

=> Probability of getting head is 1/2.